The small town of Adamstown, Pitcairn, where Joshua Hill reigned supreme from 1832 to 1837.

The small town of Adamstown, Pitcairn, where Joshua Hill reigned supreme from 1832 to 1837.

PITCAIRN, August 6, 2016. It is the vast Pacific islands that seem to attract them to the characters and outstanding personalities. The tiny Pitcairn southeast of Gambier, had first collected the survivors of the HMS Bounty. In 1832, a dictator and somewhat megalomaniacal pathological liar, Joshua Hill, took over the future of this small colony, enjoying a relative anarchy. He soon proclaimed himself president, pastor, teacher and moralist, came to restore order. Before eventually being chased … Sunday, October 28, 1832, a very curious person, already aged 59, landed at Pitcairn, arriving from Tahiti. Previously, the man had stayed in Hawaii. It is not chance that brought Mr. Hill on this tiny island of just 47 km2 of land area, but the desire to dominate its authority.Hill was lucky, in a way, since he, the stickler for discipline and morality, found the small community populating Pitcairn in great disorder. Alcoholism was the main scourge, and even an Englishman named George Hunn Nobbs, supposed to be the pastor in Adamstown, appeared to be under the influence of drink. “Shocking”

No official accreditation It was enough for Hill to smoothly carry his taking possession of the island: first assertion, he could not there by chance, but sent by Britain. . Second assertion, at least an English warship cruising off, ready to send troops if the little colony refused to obey Certainly Hill was approached in London, the London Missionary Society to be dispatched; likewise, he had tried to be heard by the British government to receive a letter of assignment. But on both sides, he had drawn a blank. Fascinated by the history of the rebels of the HMS Bounty installed on that stone away conventional routes, he decided to do without any certification to become master of this community.The people had returned shortly before, Pitcairn, fleeing the island in 1831 and moved to Tahiti. There a very high mortality (a dozen deaths), an equally strong nostalgia made that after six months, the survivors asked to be taken home, that was the American captain William Driver.

Religion and morality first of all this, Joshua Hill knew, and he knew that the little disoriented community was within his reach; and quickly became the pastor there, the schoolmaster and even the President, which earned him the nickname “King of Pitcairn”. Under his guidance, the rules of life changed very quickly alcohol was forbidden, religion became everyone’s priority, ethics was established as the supreme value. At the time, Pitcairn, it should be noted, had not even status: the island became a British colony in 1838, after the departure of Hill. Nothing therefore prevented to govern, legislate, sanction, provided his bodyguards he is faithful. Smart, the Hill is constituted as follows: first he named four men as “elders” of the community, then three “sub elders” and four “cadets”. . Clearly, Hill had a eleven fellows police to enforce its directives

Whipped public square At first, everything went pretty well; the little colony had nostalgia of the period of John Adams, the last survivor of the mutiny of the HMS Bounty, who was able to maintain order and temperance on the island and the excesses that followed his death in 1829 were ultimately missed by anyone. Curiously, George Hunn Nobbs reverend, along with two other Englishmen living on the island, Buffet and Evans, not seeing what bronchèrent compatriot take command; the application of new rules of life suffered no weakness and thus a fine morning buffet itself was found tied up and flogged in public as the last of the last. Charles Christian, son of Fletcher Christian, came to his rescue at the risk of the same treatment, and spared him the full sentence, but this episode shows, if necessary, that gradually Hill imposed a regime fit for a dictator to his administered. They are aware of the drift of their leader, ended when even grudging.

The British expelled! In a parody of judgment concerning two women to whom he was accused of having slandered on behalf of Hill, it in the name of God, delivered a judgment that was to be logically concluded with a “amen” general. That day, he had probably gone far in terms of severity, and truly, there was not. The Islanders fell silent to show disapproval, despite the presence of eleven henchmen Hill, assistant to the trial. It was clear that when the island was split into two camps: those who still maintained their master and who did not want that authority. Therefore, quarrels and conflicts did not cease soured. Hill was still the strongest and he did bear responsibility for the undermining of his authority to the other three English Nobbs, Evans and Buffet. For them, life became hellish, between punishment and retaliation, so that Hill managed to separate them from their families Pitcairn, to make boarding, force more than will, on a schooner.Once in Tahiti, they hurried to leave at Pitcairn where they regrouped their little family to settle in the Gambier regards Nobbs and Evans Buffet returning to Tahiti.

On the cutting of a tyrant on Pitcairn, the injustice of these expulsions was only increase resentment against Hill; even those who obeyed him the finger and the eye began to ask questions: injustice and oppression went from bad to worse. They were good, all under the thumb of a tyrant.On leaving Nobbs, Buffet and Evans being chased gave rise to a great shame and remorse in the spirit of the executors of dirty work of Hill. We had to return the banished … While the dictator Pitcairn does not actually measured the rising resentment against him, a schooner, Olivia, arrived at the island; informed of the situation, the captain decided to bring back the exiles. He went in the Gambier and retrieved the two families, while in turn, Buffet was, too, returned to roughly the same period. Buffet and his family were in great shape, but the other two families came back very drunk, food has been scarce in Mangareva. All were of course greeted with open arms. On an air of joyous revolt, it was clear that the authority without sharing Hill was called into question and that the time of the dictatorship was counted.

Death to potatoes? A case of stolen sweet potatoes kindled the minds Hill wanted that he accused of theft undergo an exemplary sentence (according to him, he even deserved death); the family of the accused refused all pain, the father, especially, firmly standing up to Hill. This became enraged; the case was prolonged at the home of the father. Hill, armed with a sword, drunken rage would probably have killed someone without the intervention of others. He was disarmed, not without injuring a protagonist of the fight, and therefore neutralized and ostracized from the small company of Pitcairn. Nobbs, Buffet and Evans had had time to explain to all that during their exile they had written protest letters for the English government; these had passed through Valparaiso and the situation was deemed sufficient concern that the Navy sent there, in 1836, HMS Actaeon, commanded by Lord Edward Russelll.

Severity, harshness and tyranny This humorously instructed the case and organized a public unpacking of objections that each had against the other; clan Hill is reduced almost to himself and it became apparent to the British captain, Joshua Hill was to be driven from Pitcairn. He did not have the power, as he made his report advocating this solution. And in 1837, another British ship, the HMS Imogen anchored to Pitcairn to embark the ousted president. He, without stress, without resisting, packed his bags and agreed to board the boat that will keep him away forever the little land he had wanted to reign supreme. In the name of an alleged justice, he established severity, harshness and tyranny on an island that was in his genes, not loving authority..

A house of Pitcairn at the time of the mutiny of the installation.  It is recognized, on the left, John Adams, denier survivor of the HMS Bounty Island.

A house of Pitcairn at the time of the mutiny of the installation. It is recognized, on the left, John Adams, denier survivor of the HMS Bounty Island.
The Polynesian name of Pitcairn was Hiti In Revareva.  Before installation of the mutineers of the HMS Bounty, the island was populated by Polynesians who had subsequently abandoned.

The Polynesian name of Pitcairn was Hiti In Revareva. Before installation of the mutineers of the HMS Bounty, the island was populated by Polynesians who had subsequently abandoned.
Joshua W. Hill, mytho not so, not so megalomaniac … On landing at Pitcairn, the future dictator Joshua Hill had reported a CV long as your arm. Through the work of W. Tillam Nechtman, presented at a conference on 20 August 2012 in Angwin, California, we know a little more about his extravagant biography.
A past “American” disorder Hill claimed was born April 15, 1773 in a State of the east coast of America (then British colony). His father, loyal to the British Crown, would have lost everything after the war of independence. In the era of files concerning the English settled in the United States, actually appears a Joshua Hill native of Delaware, which matches the description of our Hill Pitcairn. But far from being a perfect loyalist, he had to flee to Canada without doubt, having had trouble with the English forces. His son, none was called Joshua. The Pitcairn dictator he inspired this man to create a past? Most definitely yes. Hill he published articles in major newspapers of the time?March 7, 1811, actually seemed a trial in the Morning Post on marine, claimed by Hill, but nothing comes certify that he was indeed the author, despite his assertions.
Received by Josephine Hill traveled there in the whole world ? Clearly yes. There are traces of his passage to Europe, North and South America, as in Southeast Asia.He had dinner privilege in palaces? Yes ; it has found traces of a night at the Brighton Pavilion, November 23, 1817, party given by the future George IV. The future William IV was also present; it is likely that Hill met them both. But to say that it was their friends … Hill also know Joseph Banks, that’s for sure. The famous botanist would have brought to the Institute of France. From 1802 Hill would thus have spent five years in Paris and he could witness the coronation of Napoleon in 1804. It is still under the Institute he met Josephine de Beauharnais, perhaps the castle Malmaison. in terms of Asia, the East India Company has a trace of Joshua Hill embarked in 1794 on his way from India to China.
In short passage Tahiti Finally, closer to home, Hill worked in Honolulu 1831 he worked for the Mormon missionaries opposed to the installation of Catholic missionaries. Hill arrived in Tahiti in January 1832. The future British Consul Pritchard was away, Hill would have hastened to come and assist the Queen Pomare. All assertions Hill Pitcairn to justify its seizure of power, therefore, based on a background truth. Hill had a good exceptionally busy life, rich in experience that much contact. But seriously megalomaniac, he never hesitated to distort this truth to give more importance than it had and so establish his power over credulous Pitcairn …

This stamp is Pitcairn Island in the central Pacific.

This stamp is Pitcairn Island in the central Pacific.

Pitcairn islanders left their island in 1831 to Tahiti, but it returned a few months later, shortly before the arrival of Joshua Hill.

Pitcairn islanders left their island in 1831 to Tahiti, but it returned a few months later, shortly before the arrival of Joshua Hill.
We have not found wearing Joshua Hill, but on the other hand, there is one of one of his victims, the Rev. George Hunn Nobbs, driven from the island where he taught before the arrival of the dictator.

We have not found wearing Joshua Hill, but on the other hand, there is one of one of his victims, the Rev. George Hunn Nobbs, driven from the island where he taught before the arrival of the dictator.
The island measures only 47 km2 area (1045 km2 Tahiti);  its population had lost its way after the death of the last of the mutineers of the HMS Bounty, John Adams.

The island measures only 47 km2 area (1045 km2 Tahiti); its population had lost its way after the death of the last of the mutineers of the HMS Bounty, John Adams.
Source: Tahiti Infos